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On neolocalism
Jean-Michel Fortis (HTL, CNRS)
Localism has been defined by Lyons as “the hypothesis that spatial expressions are more basic, grammatically and semantically, than various kinds of non-spatial expressions (…). Spatial expressions are linguistically more basic, according to the localists, in that they serve as structural templates, as it were, for other expressions ; and the reason why this should be so, it is plausibly suggested by psychologists, is that spatial organization is of central importance in human cognition” (1977: 718). Localism has a long history. The first instance of a localist account can be found in Aristotle’s Physics. Later, perhaps starting with Planudes (13th), localist ideas surface time and again for the purpose of analyzing prepositions, cases and transitivity. For the period extending from Planudes to the early 20th, the most comprehensive historical account, which deals with case systems, remains the one proposed by Hjelmslev in La catégorie des cas (1935-1937)......
28/08/2017 152 affichages